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Guide to BUMS: Courses, Admission, Colleges, and Beyond in India 2024


Content Writer: Shubham S Nimje


Published on: Tue Jan 09 2024Updated on: Tue Jan 09 2024

Introduction: Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) stands as a venerated healthcare discipline, rooted in traditional Unani medicine. This comprehensive guide aims to illuminate the essence of BUMS, encompassing educational insights, admission procedures, top colleges, career prospects, and more.

BUMS Course Details

Full Form and Definition

BUMS stands for Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery, an undergraduate program that acquaints students with Unani medicine principles, diagnostics, and therapeutic methodologies.

Why Study BUMS Course?

  • Rich Heritage of Unani Medicine: BUMS offers a unique approach to healthcare, drawing from ancient Greek and Islamic medicinal practices, emphasizing natural remedies and holistic well-being.
  • Comprehensive Healthcare Education: BUMS programs provide a comprehensive understanding of Unani medicine, herbal treatments, and personalized patient care through natural therapies.
  • Cultural and Historical Significance: Studying BUMS not only provides medical education but also delves into the historical and cultural aspects of traditional medicine.

BUMS Admission Process

BUMS Eligibility

Candidates seeking admission to BUMS programs typically require a 10+2 qualification with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as compulsory subjects. Specific eligibility criteria may vary across institutions.

BUMS Admission

Admission processes for BUMS programs involve application submissions based on eligibility criteria, followed by counseling sessions or merit-based selection in some institutions.

BUMS Entrance Exams

Entrance exams such as NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test), state-level medical entrance exams, or specific Unani medicine entrance tests serve as entry points for BUMS programs in India.

BUMS Syllabus

BUMS Subjects

The BUMS curriculum encompasses subjects like Kulliyat (Basic Principles), Munafe-ul-Aza (Physiology), Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology), Amraz-e-Niswan (Gynecology), and Amraz-e-Atfal (Pediatrics) among others.

BUMS Books

Students studying BUMS refer to various classical texts in Unani medicine such as the Canon of Medicine by Avicenna, Kitab al-Hawi by Razi, and Kitab al-Qanun by Ibn Sina for in-depth knowledge.

BUMS Top Colleges

Renowned institutions offering BUMS programs include Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Hamdard University, Ajmal Khan Tibbiya College (AKTC), and Government Nizamia Tibbi College, among others.

BUMS Course Comparison


  • BUMS focuses on Unani medicine, BAMS on Ayurveda, BHMS on Homeopathy, and MBBS on allopathic medicine, each with its unique principles, treatment modalities, and philosophies.


Top Job Profiles

Graduates of BUMS can work as Hakims or Unani practitioners, medical officers, researchers, lecturers, healthcare consultants, or start their Unani clinics.

Top Recruiters

Government healthcare departments, private clinics, pharmaceutical companies, Unani hospitals, and educational institutions are potential recruiters for BUMS graduates.

BUMS Scope

BUMS graduates can contribute to public health initiatives, research in traditional medicine, pharmaceutical industries, academia, and play a vital role in promoting holistic healthcare.

Advanced Treatment Modalities in Unani Medicine

Regimenal Therapy

BUMS programs include training in regimenal therapy involving methods like massage (Dalk), cupping (Hijama), and detoxification (Fasd) for therapeutic benefits.

Moalajat (Medicine)

Students learn about the preparation and utilization of Unani medicines, emphasizing herbal formulations, pharmacology, and their role in treating various diseases.

Specialized Areas in Unani Medicine

Surgery in Unani Medicine

BUMS encompasses surgical procedures like Shalya Chikitsa, focusing on minor surgeries, wound management, and surgical interventions using Unani principles.

Ilaj-bil-Tadbeer (Regimental Therapy)

Ilaj-bil-Tadbeer includes dietary modifications, lifestyle interventions, and prophylactic measures to maintain health and prevent diseases.

Integrative Approaches in Healthcare

Integrative Medicine Practices

BUMS practitioners collaborate with professionals from other medical systems, offering integrated healthcare solutions by combining Unani medicine with other disciplines.

Holistic Patient Care

BUMS emphasizes holistic approaches, considering psychological, social, and environmental factors while treating patients for comprehensive care.

Research and Innovation in Unani Medicine

Evidence-Based Unani Medicine

BUMS programs encourage research in Unani medicine, focusing on evidence-based practices, clinical trials, and validating traditional remedies.

Modern Technology Integration

Advancements in technology are integrated into BUMS practices, incorporating electronic health records, telemedicine, and digital diagnostic tools for improved patient care.

Continuing Education and Skill Development

Continuous Professional Development (CPD)

BUMS professionals engage in CPD programs, attending seminars, workshops, and conferences to update their knowledge and skills in Unani medicine.

Specialized Certifications

BUMS graduates pursue specialized certifications or short-term courses in areas like Unani pharmacology, research methodology, or clinical specialties for skill enhancement.

Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Unani Medicine

Private Clinics and Wellness Centers

BUMS practitioners establish their private clinics or wellness centers, offering Unani treatments, health consultations, and herbal remedies.

Herbal Product Development

Graduates explore opportunities in the herbal industry, developing Unani medicine-based products, supplements, or formulations for commercial use.

Global Outreach and Collaborations

International Research Collaborations

BUMS professionals collaborate globally, participating in research initiatives, exchange programs, and international conferences in traditional medicine.

Unani Medicine Promotion

BUMS graduates contribute to promoting Unani medicine globally, sharing knowledge, conducting workshops, and participating in cross-cultural healthcare programs.

Community Health and Advocacy

Community Health Initiatives

BUMS practitioners engage in community health programs, providing healthcare access, health education, and preventive measures in underserved communities.

Advocacy for Traditional Medicine

BUMS professionals advocate for the recognition and integration of traditional medicine systems in national healthcare policies and public health programs.


Q: Is BUMS recognized internationally?

A: BUMS degrees from recognized institutions hold credibility globally, allowing graduates to practice or pursue further studies in countries that recognize Unani medicine.

Q: What are the career prospects after BUMS?

A: BUMS graduates can work as Unani practitioners, researchers, lecturers, healthcare consultants, or pursue higher studies in specialized areas of Unani medicine.

Q: Can BUMS graduates practice allopathic medicine?

A: BUMS graduates are trained in Unani medicine and are legally allowed to practice Unani medicine. However, practicing allopathic medicine without appropriate licensing is not permitted.



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